Fundamentals of the Faith


The church


Part 4

Question 1:


What is the church?

Colossians 1:18

And he is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning and the firstborn from among the dead, so that in everything he might have the supremacy.


Colossians 1:24

Now I rejoice in what was suffered for you, and I fill up in my flesh what is still lacking in regard to Christ's afflictions, for the sake of his body, which is the church.


Ephesians 1:22-23

And God placed all things under his feet and appointed him to be head over everything for the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills everything in every way.


Ephesians 5:23

For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church, his body,

of which he is the Savior.


1 Corinthians 12:27

Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it.


*Answer to question #1: The church is the body of Christ. The church is people who follow Christ. It is NOT a building!




Acts 2:38-41

Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the LORD our God shall call. And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation. Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.


Question 2: Referring to the above passage (Acts 2:38-41)▲

►What does the word, “them” refer to in the sentence, “and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.”?


          *Answer to question #2: The word, “them” refers to the church.



Question 3:

How are people added to the church?


1Corinthians 12:13

For we were all baptized by one Spirit into one body--whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free--and we were all given the one Spirit to drink.


Romans 6:4
We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.


Acts 2:41

Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.


          *Answer to question #3: People are added to the church through baptism.



Question 4:

Now if the church is the body, then according to the Scriptures, how many bodies (or churches) are there?


Ephesians 4:4-5

There is one body and one Spirit—just as you were called to one hope when you were called— one Lord, one faith, one baptism


            *Answer to question #4: According to Scripture—there is one church.


*Footnote- Do not confuse “church” with “congregation”. Just because there is one church does not mean there is only one congregation. There are countless congregations of the Lord’s Church, but together, collectively, they all make one body, or, one church. In the book of Revelation, there are 7 churches, that is, 7 congregations of Christ’s church.



Question 5:

►According to Scripture, does God want division among His people?

            1 Corinthians 1:10-15

I appeal to you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree with one another so that there may be no divisions among you and that you may be perfectly united in mind and thought. My brothers, some from Chloe's household have informed me that there are quarrels among you. What I mean is this: One of you says, "I follow Paul"; another, "I follow Apollos"; another, "I follow Cephas"; still another, "I follow Christ." Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Were you baptized into the name of Paul? I am thankful that I did not baptize any of you except Crispus and Gaius, so no one can say that you were baptized into my name.


*Answer to question #5: Of course not!


Question 6:

►Is it God’s will that I attend church regularly?


Hebrews 10:25

Let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one anotherand all the more as you see the Day approaching.


*Answer to question #6: Yes.


Question 7:

►But with thousands of different denominations, which church should I attend?


            *Answer to question #7:

            Here are some things to look for in searching for a church:

            One that follows God’s plan of salvation as revealed in the Scriptures

            One that is bearing fruit

            One that follows the pattern of worship as recorded in Scriptures

            One that follows the example in Scripture of how we should live our daily lives

            ►One that is devoted to the

1) apostles' teaching, (the apostle’s teaching is found in the preceding verse, Acts 2:38-41)

2) to the fellowship,

3) to the breaking of bread

4) and to prayer. (Acts 2:42)



“…I will build my church and the gates of hell will not prevail.”

--Jesus–Matthew 16:18


*For further study:

The blood of Christ

The power of darkness, the kingdom of light, and baptism



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Fundamentals of the Faith Study Outline

Introduction | Part One: The Foundation of Truth—the Word of God | Part Two: Discipleship | Part Three: Heaven, Hell, Sin and Salvation | Part Four: The Church | Quiz